Most Celebrated Italian Artists

Posted by

They say that art shaped the history of man and that its evolution depicted the pinnacle of intelligence of every human era that has come to past.

Nowadays, the expression of art can be felt and seen throughout the world. Art has evolved to a thousand mediums, techniques, and ways to convey. People have the access to all forms of art more than ever before which actually champions the very objective of art itself.

However, if we look back at the history of our civilization and the history of art as well, you may notice that art in the past was not spread out and somehow was confined just in a specific region of the Earth. Well, during the earliest of times, people did not give regards to art as a venue to express emotions and desires rather, art was just used to record history. But, when the classical age started, the era where art was considered the highest form of intelligence, it didn’t actually started across all existing civilizations at that time. The classical age in fact started just on a small town, on the small country in the small continent of Europe. Art was somehow monopolized by one group of people and this group originated in Italy, the country that has it all.

Italy was “the” front row seat on experiencing the explosion of art and the evolution of the human mind. Many well-known and documented artists and geniuses were Italian and these Italian artists gave the world masterpieces that are ever-beautiful and timeless.

Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564)

Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni, well-known as Michelangelo, was regarded as one of the greatest artists of the Italian Renaissance period and exerted a supreme influence on the progress of Western art. His work was established as a merge of psychological insight, physical pragmatism and intensity.

Similarly, just like various Renaissance superiors, Michelangelo was an artist who worked with diverse art styles. Even though he chiefly deemed himself a sculptor, he created some of the utmost fresco paintings and architectural designs the world has ever seen.

Michelangelo had an eye for contrasting light and shadow concept, likewise made use of style to exemplify contour and volume in sculptures and paintings. Although some of the popular artists use lines and axles, Michelangelo was completely fascinated by curves and diagonals.

A couple of Michelangelo’s works of sculpture, painting and architecture rank among the most well-known masterpieces of all time. In fact, because of his outstanding reputation, he was able to received commissions from some of the prominent and influential men of his time, including the Catholic Church ministries. His Sistine Chapel ceiling paintings, David and Pieta sculptures were cautiously preserved for the future generations to see. Because of his works of art, he truly became as the best-documented artist of the 16th century.

Here are some of his notable works:

David
Pieta
Pieta
Sistine Chapel Ceiling Paintings
Sistine Chapel Ceiling Paintings
Bacchus
Bacchus

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci was an Italian polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, architecture, sculpting, music, mathematics , science, engineering, literature, anatomy, botany, writing, history, geology, astronomy and cartography. He serves as a good and leading example of an individual applying the scientific method to every phase of life. Leonardo was widely recognized as one of the supreme painters of all time and considered to be as the prime exemplar of a Universal Genius, an entity of voracious inquisitiveness and amazing ingenious mind. Truly, he was one of the most diversely brilliant individuals in existence.

To be begin with, examples of his ideas and astonishing renowned work of art are vast which includes The Last Supper, Virgin of the Rocks, Vitruvian Man and Mona Lisa. These works of art encouraged innumerable artists and made da Vinci “the” foremost light of the Italian Renaissance period. In his time, da Vinci had countless of astounding yet far-out ideas in relation with sensible thoughts to prophetic ones.

Leonardo was known for his Chiaroscuro techniques, an approach in shading that dominates brightness more than tint which gives a three dimensional look to artworks. He was mesmerized by the way light cascades on curved surfaces. Due to his varied scientific annotations, his works perfectly showcases realism in the realm of art.

Here are some of his notable works:

Mona Lisa
Mona Lisa
The Last Supper
The Last Supper
Vitruvian Man
Madonna Of The Rocks
Madonna Of The Rocks

Raphael (1483-1520)

Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino, famously known as Raphael, was a painter and architect of the High Renaissance era. His works of art was admired by many for its precision of form, simplicity of composition and visual accomplishment of the Neoplatonic idyllic of human grandeur, beauty and perfection. Alongside with da Vinci and Michelangelo, he became one of the conventional trinity of great masters of the High Renaissance.

Raphael is best known for his refined, balanced, meticulous and harmonious compositions of his Madonna series and spent most of his time in doing the large figure compositions of frescoes in the Vatican Palace. Furthermore, his movement en route for Mannerism greatly influenced painting approaches in Italy’s advancing Baroque phase. He died at an early age but that doesn’t limit him in producing numerous masterpieces.

Here are some of his notable works:

The Stanza della Segnatura
Madonna
Madonna
La Fornarina
La Fornarina
The Triumph of Galatea
The Triumph of Galatea

Caravaggio (1571-1610)

Michelangelo Merisi (Michele Angelo Merigi or Amerighi) da Caravaggio, best known as Caravaggio, was a renowned Italian painter and well thought-out as the father of Baroque painting. He had a great formative influence called Caravaggisti on the Baroque school of painting.

His work of art is a blend of pragmatic scrutiny of the human state, tackling both the physical and emotional—incorporating a thespian use of lighting. His masterpieces are easily decipherable for its realism, extreme chiaroscuro and the prominence on co-extensive space. His working techniques were uniformly nonconforming. Due to his approach, Caravaggio’s ardent level of realism was scarcely respected by his peers and colleagues.

Yet in his own existence, Caravaggio was measured as unfathomable, intriguing, rebellious and radical. He’s an unbeliever of frescoes and rough preliminary sketches. In fact, Caravaggio was most likely the prime revolutionary artist of his time, for he deserted the conventional ideals that had guided a century of artists who had romanticized both the human and religious practice. Caravaggio can be said that he alone have shaped the Baroque way.

Here are some of his notable works:

The Calling of St Matthew
The Calling of St Matthew
Judith Beheading Holofernes
Judith Beheading Holofernes
John the Baptist
John the Baptist